တိုင် (အၚ်္ဂလိက်: mile) ဂှ် ဗၞတ်ဗ္ၜတ် ဇမၠိင် လၟိဟ်မတုပ် ကု ၅,၂၈၀ ပေ၊ ဟွံသေင်မ္ဂး တုပ်ကဵု ၁,၇၆၀ ယာဒ် (yard) တုဲပၠန် ဟီုနကဵု မဳတာမ္ဂး နွံ ၁,၆၀၉.၃၄၄ မဳတာ။ တိုင်ဂှ် ဒှ်သၞောတ်ဗ္ၜတ် အင်္ဂလိက်တုဲ မဳတာဂှ် စတမ်နူ သၞာံ ၁၉၅၉ ဂှ် စၟတ်သမ္တီလဝ် သၞောတ်ဗ္ၜတ်ဂၠးတိရ။

တိုင်
Mile
Milestone, Knightsbridge, London - geograph.org.uk - 1590514.jpg
A milestone in Westminster showing the distance from Kensington Road to Hounslow and Hyde Park Corner in miles
တင်ဂၞင် ယူနေတ်
သၞောတ်ယူနေတ် English unit
ယူနေတ် မဆေင်ကု length
သင်္ကေတ mi or m 
အပြံင်အလှာဲ ယူနေတ်
1 mi in ...... ဂှ် တုပ်သၟဟ် ကု ...
   SI units    1609.344 m
   imperial/US units    ထာမ်ပလိက်:Ubl
   nautical units    0.86898 nmi

တိုင်ဂှ် ဍုင်မွဲကုမွဲ စၟတ်သမ္တီလဝ် တၞဟ်ခြာရေင်သကအ်ရ။ တိုင်ရဝ်မ ဂှ် နွံ (၁.၈၅၂ ကဳလဝ်မဳတာ)၊ တိုင်ကြုက်ဂှ် နွံ ၅၀၀ မဳတာ။ တိုင်ရဝ်မဂှ် ညးပိုင်ခြာနွံ မွဲတိုင်ဂှ် နွံ ၅,၀၀၀ ၝောအ်ရဝ်မ။ ဟိုတ်နူ ကဝ်လဝ်နဳဗြိတိန်တုဲ မာင်/တိုင်အင်္ဂလိက်ဂှ် စိုပ်အာ ဍုင်ကဝ်လဝ်နဳ သီုကဵု ဍုင်မန်ဗၟာတုဲ စဵုကဵုလၟုဟ် စကာဒၟံင် တိုင်ဏီဖိုဟ်ရ။ နကဵု ကၟိန်ဍုင်အမေရိကာန်မ္ဂး နကဵုပ္ဍဲသၞောဝ်မ္ဂး စကာ မဳတာကီုလေဝ် ဒေတာဗ္ၜတ်တြေံနူ ၁၉၂၇ မ္ဂး စကာလဝ် တိုင် (6336/3937 km) ကီုရ။ စၞးမစကာတိုင်ဂှ် ဍုင်ဗွဲမဂၠိုင် သၠာဲစကာ မဳတာကီုလေဝ် ဍုင်ဗွဲမဂၠိုင် မပ္တံ ကုလဳဗိယျာ၊ ဗြိတိန်၊ ကေုာံ ဍုင်ကဝ်လဝ်နဳအင်္ဂလိက်တြေံ သီုကဵု ဍုင်မန်ဗၟာဂှ် စကာဒၟံင် တိုင်ဖိုဟ်ဏီရ။


အတိုင်ဗ္ၜတ် မစကာဒၟံင် ပ္ဍဲဍုင်မန်ဗၟာဂှ် အတိုင်ဗွဲသၟဝ်ဝွံရ။

၁၂ ၝောအ်တဲ ၁ ပေ၊

၃ ပေ ၁ ဂေက်၊

၂၂ ဂေက် ၁ ဇုက်ပသဲ၊

၁၀ ဇိုက်ပသဲ ၁ ဖာလုံ၊

၈ ဖာလုံ ၁ တိုင်။


တိုင်ဂှ် နကဵုဘာသာအင်္ဂလိက် ချူဖ္ဍန် m. ပ္ဍဲအခိင်အတိက်ကီုလေဝ် လၟုဟ်မ္ဂး ချူ mi သွက်ဂွံဝေင်ပါဲ တၞဟ်ခြာကဵု မဳတာရ။ ဆဂးဂှ် ဖ္ဍန် ဒဳ ပွိုင်မွဲနာဍဳ ဂှ် ဆက်ချူဒၟံင် နကဵု mph ဖိုဟ်ရ။

ယၟုပြင်ဆင်

မအရေဝ်အင်္ဂလိက် ခေတ်လၟုဟ် mile ဂှ် ကၠုင်နူ အင်္ဂလိက်လဒေါဝ် myle အင်္ဂလိက်တြေံ mīl မဒှ်ဝေါဟာရ အလုံဂကူဗဳဇဂျာမနိစ် မွဲရ။ တမ်မူလဍေဟ်ဂှ် ကၠုင်နူ mīlle passus (mile) ဗဟုဝစ် mīlia passuum (miles) မဒှ် တိုင်ရဝ်မ မဂွံအဓိပ္ပါယ် မွဲလ္ၚီလဂါံ။[၁]

နကဵုဘာသာမန် "တိုင်" ဂှ် ၜိုန်ရ ကေတ်လဝ် လၟိဟ်ဗ္ၜတ် အတိုင်အင်္ဂလိက်ကီုလေဝ် မဝေါဟာရ "တိုင်" ဂှ် ကၠုင်နူအရေဝ်မန် မဂွံအဓိပ္ပါယ် မွဲတိုင်(ဆု)ဒှ်ရမာန်ရ။ ဒုင်သဇိုင် ကုဗၞတ်ဗ္ၜတ်မန်တြေံ မကော်ဂးတုဲ ကေတ်မအရေဝ်ဂှ်တုဲ စကာကၠုင် ပ္ဍဲအရာ မၜတ် အတိုင်ဗ္ၜတ်အင်္ဂလိက်ရ။ ဗၟာ "မိုင်" ဂှ် လွဳဗ္စ နူအင်္ဂလိက် သီုဗ္ၜတ် သီုဝေါဟာရရ။


ခံက်အင် ၜတ်ကၞာတ်ပြင်ဆင်

စၟတ်သမ္တီ မွဲတိုင် ဍုင်မွဲကုမွဲ ဟွံတုပ် ရေင်သကအ်တုဲ ပ္ဍဲဍုင်မွဲမွဲပၠန် အခိင်အခါတၞဟ်ခြာမ္ဂး ဗၞတ်ဗ္ၜတ်လေဝ် တၞဟ်ခြာကီုဂှ် ဂွံဆဵုကေတ် ပ္ဍဲခံက်အင် ဗွဲသၟဝ်ဝွံမာန်ရ။ တိုင် ယူရောပ်ပလိုတ်ဂှ် ဂၠေအ်တုဲ တိုင်ယူရောပ်ဗၟံက်၊ လဒေါဝ် ကေုာံ သၟဝ်ကျာဂှ် ဂၠိင်ရ။

Length (m) Name Country used From To Definition Remarks
0960–1,152 talmudic mil Palestine Biblical and Talmudic units of measurement
01,480 mille passus, milliarium Roman Empire Ancient Roman units of measurement
01,486.6 miglio Sicily
01,524 London mile England
01,609.3426 (statute) mile Great Britain 1592 1959 1,760 yards Over the course of time, the length of a yard changed several times and consequently so did the English, and from 1824, the imperial mile. The statute mile was introduced in 1592 during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I
01,609.344 mile some Anglosaxon countries 1959 today 1760 yards In 1 July 1959 the imperial mile was standardized to an exact length in metres
01,609.3472 (statute) mile United States 1893 today 1,760 yards From 1959 also called the U.S. Survey Mile. From then its only utility has been land survey, before it was the standard mile. From 1893 its exact length in metres was: 3600/3937 × 1760
01,820 Italy
01,852 nautical mile international today approx. 1 minute of arc Measured at a circumference of 40,000 km. Abbreviation: NM, nm
01,852.3 (for comparison) 1 meridian minute
01,853.181 nautical mile Turkey
01,855.4 (for comparison) 1 equatorial minute Although the NM was defined on the basis of the minute, it varies from the equatorial minute, because at that time the circumference of the equator could only be estimated at 40,000 km.
02,065 Portugal
02,220 Gallo-Roman league Gallo-Roman culture 1.5 miles Under the reign of Emperor Septimius Severus, this replaced the Roman mile as the official unit of distance in the Gallic and Germanic provinces, although there were regional and temporal variations.
02,470 Sardinia, Piemont
02,622 Scotland
02,880 Ireland
03,780 Flanders
03,898 French lieue (post league) France 2,000 "body lengths"
04,000 general or metric league
04,000 legue Guatemala
04,190 legue Mexico = 2,500 tresas = 5,000 varas
04,444.8 landleuge ထာမ်ပလိက်:Frac° of a circle of longitude
04,452.2 lieue commune France Units of measurement in France before the French Revolution
04,513 legue Paraguay
04,513 legua Chile, (Guatemala, Haiti) = 36 cuadros = 5400 varas
04,808 Switzerland
04,828 English land league England 3 miles
04,800

04,900
Germanic rasta, also doppelleuge

(double league)
05,000 légua nova Portugal
05,196 legua Bolivia = 40 ladres
05,152 legua argentina Argentina, Buenos Aires = 6,000 varas
05,154 legue Uruguay
05,200 Bolivian legua Bolivia
05,370 legue Venezuela
05,500 Portuguese legua Portugal
05,510 legue Ecuador
05,510 Ecuadorian legua Ecuador
05,532.5 Landleuge

(state league)
Prussia
05,540 legue Honduras
05,556 Seeleuge (nautical league) ထာမ်ပလိက်:Frac° of a circle of longitude

3 nautical miles
05,570 legua Spain and Chile Spanish customary units
05,572 legua Colombia = 3 Millas
05,572.7 legue Peru = 20,000 feet
05,572.7 legua antigua

old league
Spain = 3 millas = 15,000 feet
05,590 légua Brazil = 5,000 varas = 2,500 bracas
05,600 Brazilian legua Brazil
05,685 Fersah (Turkish league) Ottoman Empire 1933 4 Turkish miles Derived from Persian Parasang.
05,840 Dutch mile Holland
06,170 milltir Wales 13thC 9000 camau ( = 27 000 troedfeddi = 243 000 inches) Eclipsed by the conquest of Wales by Edward I
06,197 légua antiga Portugal = 3 milhas = 24 estadios
06,240 Persian legue Persia
06,277 Luxembourg
06,280 Belgium
06,687.24 legua nueva

new league, since 1766
Spain = 8,000 varas
06,797 Landvermessermeile

(state survey mile)
Saxony
07,400 Netherlands
07,409 (for comparison) 4 meridian minutes
07,419.2 Kingdom of Hanover
07,419.4 Duchy of Brunswick
07,420.4

07,414.9
Bavaria
07,420.439 geographic mile ထာမ်ပလိက်:Frac equatorial grads  
07,421.6 (for comparison) 4 equatorial minutes
07,448.7 Württemberg
07,450 Hohenzollern
07,467.6 Russia 7 verst Obsolete Russian units of measurement
07,480 Bohemia
07,500 kleine / neue Postmeile

(small/new postal mile)
Saxony 1840 German Empire, North German Confederation, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Russia
07,532.5 Land(es)meile

(German state mile)
Denmark, Hamburg, Prussia primarily for Denmark defined by Ole Rømer
07,585.9 Postmeile

(post mile)
Austro-Hungary Austrian units of measurement
07,850 Milă Romania
08,800 Schleswig-Holstein
08,888.89 Baden
09,062 mittlere Post- / Polizeimeile

(middle post mile or police mile)
Saxony 1722
09,206.3 Electorate of Hesse
09,261.4 (for comparison) 5 meridian minutes
09,277 (for comparison) 5 equatorial minutes
09,323 alte Landmeile

(old state mile)
Hanover 1836
09,347 alte Landmeile

(old state mile)
Hanover 1836
09,869.6 Oldenburg
10,000 metric mile, Scandinavian mile Norway, Sweden still commonly used today, e. g. for road distances.; equates to the myriametre
10,044 große Meile

(great mile)
Westphalia
10,670 Finland
10.688.54 mil Sweden 1889 In normal speech, "mil" means a Scandinavian mile of 10 km.
11,113.7 (for comparison) 6 meridian minutes
11,132.4 (for comparison) 6 equatorial minutes
11,299 mil Norway was equivalent to 3000 Rhenish rods.

စၟတ်သမ္တီပြင်ဆင်

နိဿဲပြင်ဆင်

အကံက်ပြင်ဆင်

ပြကိုဟ်ပြင်ဆင်

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